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ZJRMS 2008, 10(3): 0-0 Back to browse issues page
The Effect of Functional and Strengthening Exercises on Improvement of Upper Extremity Function in Patients with Hemiparesis Following Stroke
M Hossienifar , A Akbari , T Sanchouli , A Kalim-Shastan , F Ghiasi
Abstract:   (9240 Views)

  Background: Stroke is one of the most common life-threatening neurologic disorders and is among the most important causes of disability in adult life. Disability of upper extremity is common in hemiparetic patients following stroke. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of functional and strengthening exercises on joint range of motion, muscle strength and function of involved upper extremity in hemiparetic patients after stroke.

  Methods : In this double- blind randomized controlled trail, 28 hemiparetic patients aging 52.5±10.2 mouseover="function anonymous() { msoCommentShow('_anchor_1','_com_1') }" onmouseout="function anonymous() { msoCommentHide('_com_1') }" href="#_msocom_1" name="_msoanchor_1">[E1] years with history of stroke at least 3 to 6 months ago, were recruited from Zahedan rehabilitation clinics. Patients were randomly assigned to either a strengthening (n=14) or functional (n=14) exercise group. Before and after 12 treatment sessions, upper extremity range of motion (degree), muscle strength (Kg) and function (ordinal) were measured using goniometer, dynamometer and River Mead Motor Assessment scale (RMA), respectively. For parametric data independent and paired t-tests and for nonparametric data Mann-Whitney and Wilcoxon tests were used to compare pretreatment and post treatment test results between groups and within them.

  Results: The mean±SD of upper extremity function increased from 6.8±2.2 to 10.3±1.7 in the functional exercise group and from 7.07±2.1 to 9±1.4 in the strengthening exercise group (p > 0.05). Also, the mean range of motion of shoulder, elbow and wrist joints and strength of upper extremity muscles increased in both groups (p > 0.05). After treatment, the mean upper extremity function was greater in the functional exercise group than the strengthening one (p > 0.05). However, no significant difference was seen between two groups in measures of joint range of motion and muscle strength of upper extremity (p < 0.05).

  Conclusion: Both the functional and strengthening exercises improve involved upper extremity function, joint range of motion and muscle strength of upper extremity. However, in order to improve upper extremity function, the functional exercises are more effective than other one.

  Keyword: Stroke, Hemiparesis, Upper Extremity Function, Range of Motion, Muscle Strength, RMA Scale.

  * Dept of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Paramedicine, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Zahedan, Iran.

  ** Faculty of Paramedicine, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Zahedan, Iran.


  [E1] ذکر سن، آن هم به صورت میانگین و انحراف معیار، در قسمت Method صحیح نیست و جای آن در Result است. در اینجا می توان بازه سنی را ذکر کرد.

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Hossienifar M, Akbari A, Sanchouli T, Kalim-Shastan A, Ghiasi F. The Effect of Functional and Strengthening Exercises on Improvement of Upper Extremity Function in Patients with Hemiparesis Following Stroke. ZJRMS. 2008; 10 (3)
URL: http://zjrms.ir/article-1-355-en.html


Volume 10, Issue 3 (Sep 2008) Back to browse issues page
Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences
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