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:: Volume 16, Issue 11 (Clinical Science Issue - November 2014) ::
ZJRMS 2014, 16(11): 15-19 Back to browse issues page
Isolation of Aspergillus species from Nasal Cavity and Bedroom of Healthy Volunteers and Patients with Allergic Rhinitis in Mashhad, Iran
Samaneh Eidi , Abdolmajid Fata , Reza Farid-Hosseini , S. Amir Kamali , Zahra Hajari , Ali Naseri , Mehdi Bakhshaee
Department of Pathobiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran , eidi@ferdowsi.um.ac.ir
Abstract:   (5836 Views)
Background : The purpose of this study was to investigate the presence, frequency and comparison of Aspergillus spp. in nasal cavity and bedroom of healthy volunteers and patients with allergic rhinitis.
Materials and Methods : In this cross-sectional study, a group of patients with allergic rhinitis (N=50) were selected based on positive skin prick test. Healthy volunteers were chosen to be in the comparison group by matching in age, gender, and no history of respiratory system disease. Samples from nasal cavity and different parts of bedroom were collected and cultured. Cultured Aspergillus spp. was identified by standard mycological techniques.
Results : The most common species isolated from all samples of healthy volunteers was A. flavus (88%), followed by A. niger (76%) and A. fumigatus (74%). A. flavus (56%) was the predominant species isolated from all samples of patients, followed by A. niger (34%) and A. fumigatus (6%).
Conclusion : A. flavus was the most prevalent species of Aspergillus both healthy volunteers and patients. The presence of Aspergillus in homes does not necessarily imply a cause and effect relationship with illness, but we speculate that A. flavus may be a major source of aeroallergens along with A. niger and A. fumigatus and should alert physicians and healthcare professionals to do more vigorous environmental testing.
Keywords: Aspergillus spp, Allergic rhinitis, Nasal cavity
Full-Text [PDF 190 kb]   (1156 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Microbiology
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Eidi S, Fata A, Farid-Hosseini R, Kamali S A, Hajari Z, Naseri A et al . Isolation of Aspergillus species from Nasal Cavity and Bedroom of Healthy Volunteers and Patients with Allergic Rhinitis in Mashhad, Iran. ZJRMS. 2014; 16 (11) :15-19
URL: http://zjrms.ir/article-1-3161-en.html


Volume 16, Issue 11 (Clinical Science Issue - November 2014) Back to browse issues page
Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences
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