[Home ] [Archive]    
:: Main Online Submission Archive Current Issue In Press ::
:: Volume 6, Issue 3 (Sep 2004) ::
ZJRMS 2004, 6(3): 9-15 Back to browse issues page
A case-control study about routs of transmission of cholera during summer outbreak in Zahedan
Abstract:   (5241 Views)
A case-control study about routs of transmission of cholera during summer outbreak in Zahedan
 
Izadi Sh., MD, PhD*; Tabatabaei SM., MD**; Miradi MR., MD**; Sheikhzadeh K., MD**
Amir-Abadi A., MD**
 
Background: Within the past few years out breaks of cholera has occurred in different points of Sistan and Baluchestan province of Iran, especially in the Zahedan district. The objective of this study was definition of the most important routs of transmission of cholera in the rural areas of Zahedan district involved in the cholera outbreak of summer 2003. The outbreak lasted for about 1.5 months.
 Methods and Materials: A case-control study was performed on 20 patients and 89 subjects as controls. A questionnaire was completed for every subject about individual hygiene, hygiene regulations of the family, the source of the drinkable water, use of chlorination of water, use of soap for hand washing, eating and drinking outside in feasts (such as weddings), getting ice from street vendors, and travel history. Stool culture for detection of cholera was performed for all cases and also for consent controls.
Results: In multivariate analysis age (OR = 0.8, P = 0.004), eating food in parties                 (OR = 34.5, P = 0.020), absence of soap in hand-washing place (OR = 4.7, P = 0.000) and household size (OR = 1.3, P = 0.002) were significantly associated with cholera. In univariate analysis, getting ice from street vendors (P = 0.032) also had relationship with catching cholera.
Conclusions: Different routs of transmission of cholera are mentioned in reference books; however every outbreak has its own special circumstances. The most important points with regard to this outbreak were the importance of individual hygiene (especially using soap in hand washing), control of production and distribution of ice by street vendors, and the importance of eating and drinking in ceremonies even feats and weddings. Warning of people about these points may play key role in controlling a cholera outbreak.   
 
 KEY WORDS: Cholera, Case-control, Iran, Sistan and Baluchestan, Zahedan
 
*Public health dept, Faculty of health, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences and health services, Zahedan, Iran.
** Health center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences and health services, Zahedan, Iran.
Keywords: Cholera, Case-control, Iran, Sistan and Baluchestan, Zahedan
Full-Text [PDF 205 kb]   (907 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research |
Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

CAPTCHA


XML   Persian Abstract   Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

A case-control study about routs of transmission of cholera during summer outbreak in Zahedan . ZJRMS. 2004; 6 (3) :9-15
URL: http://zjrms.ir/article-1-269-en.html


Volume 6, Issue 3 (Sep 2004) Back to browse issues page
Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 31 queries by YEKTAWEB 3921