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:: Volume 16, Issue 1 (Clinical Science Issue -January 2014) ::
ZJRMS 2014, 16(1): 1-7 Back to browse issues page
Cognitive Impairment in Multiple Sclerosis
Mohammad Ali Sahraian, Farnaz Etesam
, fa.etesam@gmail.com
Abstract:   (6216 Views)
Background : Cognitive impairment can emerge in the earliest phases of multiple sclerosis. It strongly impacts different aspects of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients' lives, like employment, social relationships and the overall quality of life thus, its on-time recognition and treatment is mandatory. This paper discusses issues, diagnostic methods and treatment options for cognitive dysfunctions in MS.
Materials and Methods : This paper is a descriptive review of the related studies in the recent 10 years, performing a keyword search in the main databases.
Results : Cognitive impairment mostly involves aspects of information processing, memory and executive functioning in MS. Neuropsychological tests like MACFIMS and BRB-N are recommended for its assessment. Still, there is no fully efficient treatment for cognitive impairment. Researchers have shown some positive effects, using disease-modifying therapies and cognitive rehabilitation. Depression, pain, fatigue and other factors influencing cognitive functions must be paid attention to.
Conclusion : Recognizing cognitive impairment as a major symptom for MS, makes studying this subject one of the priorities in dealing with the disease. Therefore, a consecutive research for identification and management of this part of quality of life in MS patients is obligatory.
Keywords: Multiple sclerosis, Cognitive impairment Cognitive, neuropsychological test
Full-Text [PDF 147 kb]   (1953 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Review Article | Subject: Neurology
* Corresponding Author Address: Department of Psychiatry, Sina MS Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
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Sahraian M A, Etesam F. Cognitive Impairment in Multiple Sclerosis. ZJRMS. 2014; 16 (1) :1-7
URL: http://zjrms.ir/article-1-2378-en.html

Volume 16, Issue 1 (Clinical Science Issue -January 2014) Back to browse issues page
Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences
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