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ZJRMS 2011, 13(4): 12-17 Back to browse issues page
Evaluation the role of nutritional and individual factors in colorectal cancer
Kamran Moshfeghi , Abolfazl Mohammad-Beigi , Davood Hamedi-Sanani , Masoud Bahrami
Abstract:   (7208 Views)

  Background : Colorectal cancer is one of the most common cancers worldwide including 38% of gastrointestinal cancers. Colorectal cancer is the third type of Iranian men and fourth in women in ranking. The purpose of this study was to determine the role of environmental risk factors in colorectal cancer.

  Materials and Method : In this case-control study, the authors selected cases from colorectal cancer patients in Arak and controls were selected from Arak hospitals in proportion to the number of cases. Data collected by using a structured questionnaire and based on interviews with patients and their medical records . We used chi-squared and independent t-tests to analyze data. Logistic regression applies to eliminate the effect of possible confounding variables.

  Results : From all participants 55.7% were male and 90% got married. 33.6% were overweight and/or obese. Mean ± SD of age and BMI was 54.41±14.88 yr and 24.42±4.58, respectively. Regression model showed that fatty food intake, high education and positive family history are the predictor risk factors of colorectal cancer.

  Conclusion : Due to preventable colorectal cancer and increased global incidence of disease, educational intervention about the importance of disease, methods of screening and diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation of patients are necessary. [ZJRMS, 13(4):12-17]

Keywords: Cancer, colorectal, risk factors, nutrition
Full-Text [PDF 215 kb]   (2959 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Oncology
* Corresponding Author Address: Assistant Professor of Oncology, Arak University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Arak, Iran
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Moshfeghi K, Mohammad-Beigi A, Hamedi-Sanani D, Bahrami M. Evaluation the role of nutritional and individual factors in colorectal cancer. ZJRMS. 2011; 13 (4) :12-17
URL: http://zjrms.ir/article-1-1820-en.html


Volume 13, Issue 4 (October 2011) Back to browse issues page
Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences
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