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:: Volume 14, Issue 10 (Clinical Science Issue - December 2012) ::
ZJRMS 2012, 14(10): 61-65 Back to browse issues page
The Relationship Between Approach-Avoidance Behaviors and Hardiness
Ahmad Ali-Poor , Mahtab Bazyari-Meimand
, meimandmahtab@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (10386 Views)
Background : Hardiness as a personality trait is an important factor in directing people to success. An explanation for this trait is the psychobiological explanation including the Gray’s theory of Brian/behavioral systems. This study has examined the relationship between the Brian/behavioral systems and hardiness in successful people.
Materials and Methods : In this study, 60 successful students (medical students in their final two years of medical school) and 60 ordinary subjects were studied using two personality questionnaires (Gary-Wilson and Hardiness Questionnaires) as well as Pearson’s correlation statistical technique, regression, and independent t-test.
Results : Data analysis showed that the activity level of behavioral activation system (p=0.002: active avoidance and p> 0.001: approach behavior) and hardiness (p>0.001) is significantly higher in successful people than ordinary subjects and that there is a significant relationship between hardiness and two components of behavioral activation system and one component of behavioral inhibition system (i.e. active avoidance) (p>0.01).
Conclusion : According to the findings, only two components of approach behavior and active avoidance can predict the variable hardiness. However, these two components are considered as only one of the predictors of success and there are undoubtedly many other factors involved in this regard. Overall, this study can lead to the identification of new factors involved in the success occurrence that consideration of them can help understanding the individual differences in order to perform effective psychological interventions to improve the level of effort and success in people.
Keywords: Success, Active avoidance, Passive avoidance
Full-Text [PDF 78 kb]   (1384 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Psychiatry
* Corresponding Author Address: Department of Psychology, Payam-e-Noor University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
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Ali-Poor A, Bazyari-Meimand M. The Relationship Between Approach-Avoidance Behaviors and Hardiness. ZJRMS. 2012; 14 (10) :61-65
URL: http://zjrms.ir/article-1-1331-en.html


Volume 14, Issue 10 (Clinical Science Issue - December 2012) Back to browse issues page
Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences
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