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ZJRMS 2013, 15(6): 8-13 Back to browse issues page
Determining Chemical Composition and Antimicrobial Activity of Feverfew (Tanacetum parthenium L.) Essential Oil on some Microbial Strains
Zahra Izadi, Majid Aghaalikhani , Mahmood Esna-Ashari, Poorandokht Davoodi
, maghaalikhani@modares.ac.ir
Abstract:   (8803 Views)
Background : Feverfew (Tanacetum parthenium L.) is a herbal plant that has anti- septic, anti-microbial, anti-parasitic and anti-inflammatory effects. The main objective of this study is to evaluate the antimicrobial effect of shoot essential oil (essential oil of the aerial parts of the plant) of the feverfew on a number of microorganisms including gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria, filamentous fungi and yeasts.
Materials and Methods : In this empirical study, plant samples were collected at the full blooming stage. Shoot essential oil was extracted using hydro-distillation technique and Clevenger apparatus. Components of the extract were identified using GC and GC/MS apparatus and its antimicrobial properties were evaluated using diffusion in Agar method (disk diffusion) and dilution in the well (Micro-broth dilution).
Results : Among 35 compounds identified in the essential oil of the feverfew, camphor (45%), chrysanthenyl acetate (21.5) and camphene (9.6%), were the main components respectively. Essential oil showed very good antifungal effect which was stronger than its antibacterial effect. Gram-negative bacteria were less sensitive to the essential oil than gram-positive bacteria. The mean diameter of inhibition zone, in the bio-assessment of the effect of feverfew essential oil on gram-positive bacteria and fungi was respectively more than the effect of vancomycin and amphotericin B and this effect on gram-negative bacteria was less than the effect of gentamicin. This effect is attributed to the high value of camphor, chrysanthenyl acetate and camphene found in the essential oil.
Conclusion : Feverfew essential oil could be utilized as a sound and harmless substitute for the antibiotics.
Keywords: Feverfew, Essential oils, Microorganism
Full-Text [PDF 169 kb]   (2012 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Pharmacology
* Corresponding Author Address: Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
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Izadi Z, Aghaalikhani M, Esna-Ashari M, Davoodi P. Determining Chemical Composition and Antimicrobial Activity of Feverfew (Tanacetum parthenium L.) Essential Oil on some Microbial Strains . ZJRMS. 2013; 15 (6) :8-13
URL: http://zjrms.ir/article-1-1209-en.html

Volume 15, Issue 6 (Basic Science Issue - June 2013) Back to browse issues page
Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences
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