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ZJRMS 2013, 15(6): 14-18 Back to browse issues page
Antibacterial Activity of Essential Oils and Plant Extracts of Artemisia (Artemisia annua L.) In Vitro
Alireza Massiha , Mohammadreza Majid Khoshkholgh-Pahlavian, Khosro Issazadeh, Sirus Bidarigh, Saeed Zarrabi
, amirmassiha@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (14855 Views)
Background : Many of the plants used to treat certain diseases, because they have showed antimicrobial activity. In this case, many studies have conducted on antimicrobial and antioxidant activity of Artemisia annua.
Materials and Methods : The purpose of this study is to determine the antibacterial effects of aqueous, chloroform, methanol and ethanol extracts of A. annua against eight bacterial species. Antimicrobial activity, minimum inhibitory concentration and minimum bactericidal activity of the essential oil and extract was performed by agar disc diffusion and microdilution broth methods.
Results : The obtained results showed antibacterial activity of the organic and chloroformic extracts of Artemisia annua against the tested microorganisms. Presence of tannins, saponins, alkaloids, amino acids, phenolic compounds, quinines and terpenoids were identified in the composition of the obtained extract using mass gas-chromatograph. The best result for the minimum inhibitory Concentration and minimum bactericidal concentration was reported for the 32 mg/ml of chloroformic extract.
Conclusion : The results indicate the fact that the extracts and essential oils of the plants can be useful as medicinal or preservatives composition.
Keywords: Artemisia annua, Plant extract, Anti-bacterial, Minimum inhibitory, Concentration
Full-Text [PDF 176 kb]   (2200 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Microbiology
* Corresponding Author Address: Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Basic Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Lahijan, Iran
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Massiha A, Majid Khoshkholgh-Pahlavian M, Issazadeh K, Bidarigh S, Zarrabi S. Antibacterial Activity of Essential Oils and Plant Extracts of Artemisia (Artemisia annua L.) In Vitro. ZJRMS. 2013; 15 (6) :14-18
URL: http://zjrms.ir/article-1-1390-en.html
Volume 15, Number 6 (Basic Science Issue - June 2013) Back to browse issues page
Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences
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