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جلد 6 شماره 3 صفحات 9-15 برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها
راههای انتقال وبا در طغیان تابستان 1382 در شهرستان زاهدان
ایزدی شاهرخ، طباطبایی سیدمهدی، میرادی محمدرضا، شیخ زاده خداداد، امیرآبادی علیرضا
چکیده:   (5239 مشاهده)
A case-control study about routs of transmission of cholera during summer outbreak in Zahedan
 
Izadi Sh., MD, PhD*; Tabatabaei SM., MD**; Miradi MR., MD**; Sheikhzadeh K., MD**
Amir-Abadi A., MD**
 
Background: Within the past few years out breaks of cholera has occurred in different points of Sistan and Baluchestan province of Iran, especially in the Zahedan district. The objective of this study was definition of the most important routs of transmission of cholera in the rural areas of Zahedan district involved in the cholera outbreak of summer 2003. The outbreak lasted for about 1.5 months.
 Methods and Materials: A case-control study was performed on 20 patients and 89 subjects as controls. A questionnaire was completed for every subject about individual hygiene, hygiene regulations of the family, the source of the drinkable water, use of chlorination of water, use of soap for hand washing, eating and drinking outside in feasts (such as weddings), getting ice from street vendors, and travel history. Stool culture for detection of cholera was performed for all cases and also for consent controls.
Results: In multivariate analysis age (OR = 0.8, P = 0.004), eating food in parties                 (OR = 34.5, P = 0.020), absence of soap in hand-washing place (OR = 4.7, P = 0.000) and household size (OR = 1.3, P = 0.002) were significantly associated with cholera. In univariate analysis, getting ice from street vendors (P = 0.032) also had relationship with catching cholera.
Conclusions: Different routs of transmission of cholera are mentioned in reference books; however every outbreak has its own special circumstances. The most important points with regard to this outbreak were the importance of individual hygiene (especially using soap in hand washing), control of production and distribution of ice by street vendors, and the importance of eating and drinking in ceremonies even feats and weddings. Warning of people about these points may play key role in controlling a cholera outbreak.   
 
 KEY WORDS: Cholera, Case-control, Iran, Sistan and Baluchestan, Zahedan
 
*Public health dept, Faculty of health, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences and health services, Zahedan, Iran.
** Health center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences and health services, Zahedan, Iran.
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نوع مطالعه: پژوهشي |
* نشانی نویسنده مسئول: دانشگاه علوم پزشکی و خدمات بهداشتی درمانی زاهدان، دانشکده بهداشت، گروه بهداشت عمومی
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A case-control study about routs of transmission of cholera during summer outbreak in Zahedan . ZJRMS. 2004; 6 (3) :9-15
URL: http://zjrms.ir/article-1-269-fa.html

ایزدی شاهرخ ، طباطبایی سیدمهدی ، میرادی محمدرضا ، شیخ زاده خداداد ، امیرآبادی علیرضا . راههای انتقال وبا در طغیان تابستان 1382 در شهرستان زاهدان. Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences. 1383; 6 (3) :9-15

URL: http://zjrms.ir/article-1-269-fa.html



دوره 6، شماره 3 - ( مهر 1383 ) برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها
Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences
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