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جلد 7 شماره 1 صفحات 9-15 برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها
مقایسه الگوی رشد کودکان زیر 6 سال شهر زاهدان با استاندارد NCHS
منتظری فر فرزانه، کرجی بانی منصور، محمدی مهدی
چکیده:   (7689 مشاهده)

 
Montazerifar F., MS*; Karajibani M., MS*; Mohammadi M., MS**
 
Background: One of the applicable methods in determination of nutritional status and health is surveillance and assessment of physical growth. The attention to growth of children can be determined failure to thrive and protein energy malnutrition (PEM) in primary period of life. According to above stated, the objective of this study was to detect percentile of body weight and height children under 6 years, in Zahedan and its comparison with the standard NCHS.
Methods and Materials: In a descriptive – analytical, cross-sectional study 4500 children under 6 years (2250 girls and 2250 boys) referred to treatment and health centers were selected by proportional and randomized method from 5 area of Zahedan. The body weight and height were measured, Statistical analysis were applied using SPSS.
Results: The findings showed weight growth in girls were higher than the boys in third and fifth percentiles of one year old, but the body weight of boys was higher than that of the girls. The variations of body weight and height indices were very much and a different degree of PEM was in our population. On the basis of weight index for age 21.9% and 29.7% of the girls and boys between 61–72 month old were under 3rd percentile, 5.1% girls and 5.8% boys were more than 97th percentile in comparison with the standard NCHS. On the basis of as: height for age 31% and 36.5% of girls and boys between 61- 72 month respectively were under 3rd percentile (stunting). According to the percentile of height for age there was not a significant difference between different age groups in boys (P>0.05). According to 3rd percentile the trend of height growth in the boys were higher than that in girls. In the boys, with age increase the percent of under weight, wasting and stunting cases were more than those in girls (P<0.0001).On the basis of different mean in percentile of body weight and height in the boys and girls in comparison with the standard NCHS, there were chronic PEM (stunting)and acute PEM (under weight) in the children. There were PEM in the boys more than girls.
Conclusions: The results showed that NCHS standard could not be applied for determination of weight and height in all different groups of Iranian children, especially our population had different variation of epidemiologic and demographic characteristics. Hence, for more precise assessment it is recommended to design longitudinal study in the population.
 
 
* Nutrition and Food Science Dept, Faculty of Medicine, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences and health services, Zahedan, Iran.
**Biostatistic Dept, Faculty of Health, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences and health services, Zahedan, Iran.
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نوع مطالعه: پژوهشي |
* نشانی نویسنده مسئول: زاهدان، معاونت پژوهشی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی و خدمات بهداشتی درمانی زاهدان، دانشکده پزشکی، گروه تغذیه و صنایع غذایی
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Comparison of growth pattern in children under 6 years with standard National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS). ZJRMS. 2005; 7 (1) :9-15
URL: http://zjrms.ir/article-1-20-fa.html

منتظری فر فرزانه ، کرجی بانی منصور ، محمدی مهدی . مقایسه الگوی رشد کودکان زیر 6 سال شهر زاهدان با استاندارد NCHS. Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences. 1384; 7 (1) :9-15

URL: http://zjrms.ir/article-1-20-fa.html



دوره 7، شماره 1 - ( فروردين 1384 ) برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها
Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences
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